jaymark jewelers logo

We are the areas premier custom jeweler specializing in custom engagement rings and custom fine jewelry.We can help you create that special piece that will last a lifetime!

Follow Us

  • No products in the cart.
Image Alt

Learn About Color Gemstones

Color makes a statement.

We’re passionate about exotic, vibrant, colored gemstones of every hue and shade. Colored gemstones are one of our specialties here in the Hudson Valley and we love sharing what we know about each and every gem we carry. Here are a few of our favorites:


January Birthstone

This gem is available in a rainbow of colors, from the deep red Bohemian Garnet to the vibrant greens of the Russian Demantoid and African Tsavorite. We also see it appearing in the oranges and browns of Spessartite and Hessonite from Namibia and Sri Lanka and the subtle pinks and purples of rhododendron. Garnets have long been carried by travelers to protect against accidents far from home.  With its stunning variety of colors and its mystical powers, it has been given as a gift for all occasions for centuries.


February Birthstone

The ancient Greeks and Romans believed Amethyst would ward off the intoxicating powers of Bacchus, and keep the wearer clear-headed and quick-witted. An Amethyst complements both warm and cool colors so it looks fabulous set in both yellow and white metals. This unique ability means it enhances almost every color in your wardrobe.


March Birthstone

The name Aquamarine speaks for itself, meaning seawater. Aquamarine immediately brings to mind stunning sky blue or the bright color of a tropical lagoon. Aquamarines are found in a range of blues; from a pale, arctic blue to  greenish-blue to a deep color. Aquamarine is frequently a pastel gemstone but the color can be more intense in larger gemstones. Smaller Aquamarines tend to be less vivid. Darker shades of blue are increasingly rare and, in turn, make the value increase.


May Birthstone

Cleopatra, Egypt’s tempestuous female monarch, was as famous for wearing Emeralds in her time as Liz Taylor was for wearing Diamonds in our time. The deeper and more vivid the color of green, the more valuable the Emerald. The most valuable and beautiful Emeralds exhibit an intense bluish hue in addition to their basic bold green color. Emeralds, among the rarest of gems, are almost always found with birthmarks, known as inclusions. Some inclusions are expected and do not detract from the value of the stone.


June Birthstone

If you love magic, you’ll love Alexandrite, the color-change gem. Outside in daylight, it is a cool bluish or mossy green. Inside in lamplight, it is a red gem with a warm raspberry tone. You can watch it flick back and forth by switching from fluorescent to incandescent light. The value of the gemstone increases as the color change becomes more distinct.


July Birthstone

The Ruby represents love, passion, courage and emotion. For centuries, this gem has been considered the king of all gems. The color of a Ruby is the most important feature of the gemstone. Rubies are available in a range of red hues from purplish and bluish red to orange-red. The brightest and most valuable color of Ruby is often called a “Burmese Ruby” – an indication that it is a rich, passionate, hot, full red color with a slight blue hue.


August Birthstone

Most Peridot gemstones come from Arizona, but it is also found in China, Myanmar (Burma), and Pakistan. Peridot is available in several colors ranging from yellow-green to tawny brown, but the bright lime greens and olive greens are the most desired. Whether you prefer citrus tones or earth tones, you’ll find that Peridot belongs in your jewelry collection. Peridot gemstones smaller than three carats are very common but gemstones over five carats are rare, and therefore have a higher value. Peridots in 10 to 15 carats are even more rare but provide a big and bold look at an affordable price.


September Birthstone

When hearing the word Sapphire, many people immediately envision a stunning violet-blue gemstone and the word “Sapphire” is Greek for blue. The Sapphire is found in many parts of the world, but the most prized Sapphires are from Myanmar (Burma), Kashmir and Sri Lanka. Sapphires with highly saturated violet blue color and “velvety” or “sleepy” transparency are rare. The purer the blue of the Sapphire, the greater the price. Sapphires are not just blue, they come in almost every color of the rainbow: pink, yellow, orange, peach, and violet colors. The most sought-after fancy colored Sapphire is the rare and beautiful Padparadscha: A pink-orange corundum (gem) with a distinctive salmon color reminiscent of a tropical sunset. These ultra-rare, ultra-expensive stones are among the most coveted gems in the world.


October Birthstone

In ancient times, the Opal was known as the Queen of Gems because it encompassed the colors of all other gems. Each Opal is truly one-of-a-kind; as unique as our fingerprints. Some prefer the calming flashes of blues and greens; others love the bright reds and yellows. With its rainbow of colors, as you turn and move the Opal, the color plays and shifts, giving you a gem that can be worn with a plethora of ensembles. Since Opals are the most individual gemstone with its range of colors, be sure to choose one that showcases your color preference and pattern.


November Birthstone

Topaz was thought by the ancients to give the wearer strength and to assure long life, beauty and intelligence. In shades of yellow, caramel, honey, green, blue, red, pink and sometimes  as clear as a diamond, Topaz has a wide appeal. Topaz is often found in an amber gold, yellow, or a blushing pinkorange Pale pink  and sherry red Topaz  are very exceptional. The most prized color of Topaz is called Imperial Topaz and features a magnificent orange with pink undertones. Blue, once the rarer color of Topaz, is the most common today due to man’s ability to enhance its color; however, naturally blue Topaz is very rare.


December Birthstone

Tanzanite is a one-of-a-kind gemstone unlike any other and can only be found in one place on Earth: the foothills of Mount Kilimanjaro.  One of today’s most popular blue gemstones, Tanzanite comes in a variety of shapes, sizes and a striking assortment of violet blue to purple tones. Rarely pure blue, Tanzanite almost always displays its signature overtones of purple. In smaller sizes, Tanzanite usually contains lighter tones and the lavender color is more common. While in larger sizes, Tanzanite typically displays a deeper, richer, beautiful blue or violet blue.

Below are some of our favorites

While most are not associated with a particular birth month, each will look stunning as part of your collection.


This bright shining gem was said to be a gift from the sun. The name Citrine, which is French for “lemon”, fits well with its color range of juicy lemon yellow to a bright orangey brown. Some of the most sought-after Citrine gemstones have a clear, radiant yellowish to brick red color. Citrine is one of the most popular and affordable gemstones. It is relatively plentiful and available in a wide range of sizes and shapes, including very large sizes. These reasons make it a great gem for that big, bold, statement piece.


Jade has been treasured in China as the royal gemstone since at least 2950 BC. Thought to preserve the body after death, Jade can be found in emperors’ tombs from thousands of years ago. To this day, many people believe that Jade will protect them from harm. Jade is known for its vivid green and shimmery, smooth shapes but it also comes in lavender, pink, yellow, and white. Wearing a stunning piece of Jade jewelry is sure to make anyone ‘green’ with envy.


Known to man as early as 400B.C., Lapis Lazuli is a colored gemstone that has been coveted for centuries. Used to create the beautiful ocean blues as well as the vibrant sky blues in paintings during the Renaissance, Lapis Lazuli was often prized over gold. Its name means simply “blue stone” and it couldn’t be more accurate. Lapis Lazuli is a dark blue that often sparkles with golden pyrite inclusions reminiscent of stars in the midnight sky. Once you cast your sights on this gem, you’re sure to be entranced by its beauty.


Ancient Romans believed that this shimmering rock was formed from frozen moonlight, giving it the name Moonstone. Its colors range from colorless to cloud-gray, soft yellow, and pale green or pink and clarity that goes from  transparent to translucent. The best Moonstone has a blue sheen, perfect clarity, and a colorless body, creating the look of a perfectly miniature full moon on a clear night. Found in India and Madagascar, rainbow Moonstone has a variety of colors, from pink to yellow, to peach, purple, and blue.


With its dazzling brilliance and soft colors of champagne, blush, and orange-pink, it’s no wonder it is known as the stone of divine love. The delicate gem promotes love and prosperity. With shades of pink dominating the fashion industry, Morganite is a favorite for women of all ages. Coming in shades from subtle lavenders to bright fuchsias and even pastel pink apricot blends, Morganite exudes charm and tenderness. Its wide appeal is due to its versatile colors that complement all skin tones and can be set in white or yellow gold.


Today when we think of Onyx we often preface the word with black to distinguish it from other varieties of Onyx. Black never goes out of style, which is why you can never go wrong with black Onyx. Its appealing rich black color can be both classic and contemporary. This gem also comes in white, reddish brown, chestnut brown and banded. A variety of Onyx that is reddish brown with white and lighter reddish bands is known as sardonyx.


Paraiba Tourmaline gemstones have become one of the most precious and valuable gems in the world, even though it was only discovered in the 1980s. Its rare shades of electric blues and greens are reminiscent of the blue ocean shores of Paraiba, Brazil where this gem is mined. These unique, vivid blue and green colors are not found in any other gemstone in the world.


Rubellite Tourmaline, also known as Red Tourmaline, is a combination of vibrant pink and ruby red color. Its intense colors vary in hue from pale to shocking pink, or a bold ruby-red, sometimes with a violet tint. A true Rubellite shines just as intensely in artificial light as it does in daylight. Its vibrant color reflects passion, energy, and life and it is believed that Rubellite helps bring emotional balance and calm. Whether you prefer subtle pale pinks or hot, vivid shades of magenta, this gem is sure to start a spark.


Centuries ago, Sanskrit writings referred to Spinel as the daughter of Ruby. The bright red color of Spinel is so closely related to the Ruby, the two of them are often confused with one another. Spinel’s are actually more rare than Ruby but, unlike Ruby, they sometimes can be found in very large sizes. In addition to beautiful rich reds, Spinel can be found in shades of orange and beautiful pastel pink, as well as purple. Of particular interest is a vivid, hot pink with a tinge of orange that is mined in Myanmar (Burma), which is one of the most spectacular gemstone colors and unlike any other gem. Spinel also comes in beautiful blues, but these are extremely rare. It is also considered an alternative for the August birthstone!


Available in a spectrum of colors and color combinations, Tourmaline lives up to its name, which means “mixed stone”. Cranberry red, hot magenta, bubblegum pink, peach and orange, canary yellow, mint, grass and forest green, ocean blue, violet: Tourmaline is all of these and more. Tourmaline is also known for displaying several colors in one gemstone. These bi-color or tri-color gems are formed in many combinations and are highly prized. With Tourmaline available in so many colors, you’re sure to find one in your favorite color. October birthdays can also be celebrated with this beautiful gemstone!


 Turquoise is among the oldest known gemstones and its popularity has spanned the globe for centuries.

Turquoise is an opaque, light to dark blue or blue-green gem with its finest color being an intense bright blue. Turquoise may contain narrow veins of other materials in either black or brown. Known as the matrix, these veins of color are sometimes in the form of an intricate pattern, called a spider web and can add beauty and interest to the stone. Have a December birthday? You can also consider this gemstone as an alternative.



Though not true minerals, but an organic gemstones, cultured pearls are perfect for any ocasion.  They come in a variety of colors, sizes and shapes. From bright white Akoya pearls to dark and rich Tahitians or the vibrant gold of a South Sea pearl, many women value Pearls for their softness and  luster.

To learn more about Pearls, click here.

Jaymark Jewelers is open by appointment only.Please click here to schedule an appointment.